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Care for knitted clothes

date: 05/01/2021

NOW LET'S TAKE CARE OF THE KNITTED CLOTHES


WHY DO KNITTINGS NEED SPECIAL CARE?


Knitwear used to be considered a luxury item, or so it was in some parts of the world. Today, however, sweaters and other knitwear are a must in everyone's wardrobe. Interestingly, they can become a fashion item at any time of year, not just in winter. Knitted clothes - thick, comfortable woolen knitwear for winter and light silk and cotton for spring and summer - are becoming a necessity for almost everyone.
And like any luxury item, knitwear and sweaters also need special care - to enjoy them longer or at least as much as you want. And why should we worry so much about knitting? The reason is that the fabrics used in them are more delicate. Improper washing, drying (or too often) and storage can lead to loss of shape, shrinkage or removed stitches. To extend the life of your knitwear, be sure to follow the instructions on the clothing care labels.
Of course, the way you take care of your knitting depends a lot on the type of yarn they are created with. Whether it's cashmere or silk, cotton or wool, each type of yarn needs a little extra love and attention. Read below to discover the subtleties for each of these luxury fabrics.




HOW TO TAKE CARE OF CASHMERE AND WAVES?

Let's start with the soft and cozy clothes and other knits from these yarns. They are among the most luxurious on the market, offering a soft feeling and comfort.
Whoever you ask - most likely everyone will tell you that he loves cashmere. Cashmere wool is obtained from the lower layer of the coat of Kashmiri goats. It is the softest and fluffiest of all types of wool, but it is also quite expensive. Extremely high quality and luxurious yarn, which becomes softer and softer when worn. It retains and gives off heat very well and is therefore suitable for weaving winter clothes to keep you warm and comfortable. Of course, it can't do without flaws - when washed, it forms balls and fluff on the surface, ie. she is not so healthy. Therefore, it is usually mixed with other yarns to compensate for its high price and low strength.
The most popular and widespread wool yarn in our country is the one made from the wool of ordinary sheep breeds. It is sold at the most affordable price, it is easy to work with and has a very strong and durable thread. It is suitable for warm knits for winter, as well as for clothes for the warmer seasons and even summer, because of its ability to "breathe" and protect the body from sweating. Due to its properties, wool may not be cleaned every time it is worn. Its main disadvantage is that it is not softened and if you have more sensitive skin, you may feel a "sting". Also, when worn, it quickly steps and forms balls. To soften and make it easier to maintain, wool yarn is often mixed with synthetic or vegetable yarns.
And if we continue to talk about luxury knitwear, merino and lamb wool is a real luxury - it has a natural warmth and softness to the touch.
The knowledge of how to take care of our woolen clothes has been passed down from generation to generation, and some of the clothes knitted by grandmothers and great-grandmothers have remained as an expensive heritage that we keep and pass on. Lately, however, in the world we live in, full of substitutes, this knowledge is almost forgotten. Today again, more and more people choose to wear clothes made of natural fabrics, from a health point of view, but also from a practical point of view. In addition, they are more beautiful, comfortable and not as difficult to maintain as claimed.


Laundry:
When washing at home, with very few exceptions, woolen knits are washed only by hand. Don't try in a washing machine - you will be disappointed and suffer, especially if it was your favorite wool sweater. If so urgent, rinse gently in cold or lukewarm water to 30 degrees with water only. You can also use some mild wool detergent or even hair shampoo. Dissolve the required amount in lukewarm water according to the instructions. Usually 1 cap per 4-5 liters of water (as much as fits in 1 basin or sink). Immerse the garment in the solution and wash, squeezing the garment gently. Never twist or rub. You can wash small knits even under running water. Always rinse for a long time until the detergent is completely washed off, because its alkaline composition is a great enemy of protein fibers, such as wool, and breaks them down on prolonged contact. It is important not to change the water temperature when rinsing. Finally, rinse with water in which about 50-100 grams of vinegar per 4-5 liters of water are dissolved to neutralize the soap residue in the fibers, especially when the products are thicker or thicker. If the smell of vinegar persists, rinse once more with clean cold water. Then squeeze the water gently with your hands, without twisting or bending. You can absorb the remaining water by wrapping the woolen garment in a cotton cloth.
If the knitting is made of pure wool, you are lucky. It does not need frequent washing if it has not been subjected to complex factory processing, ie. its structure and composition are preserved. Natural wool is self-cleaning. Even after repeated dressing, it is very difficult to absorb body odors and only partially. That is why it is preferred by mountaineers, climbers and athletes - all of whom spend a long time in extreme conditions. Woolen socks, unlike others - even if they are wet, do not smell. If, after all, your woolen garment has taken on an unpleasant odor, leave it in the fresh air for a few hours and it will be fresh again.

Bleaching:
Never use bleach - it will break down woolen threads.

Drying:
Never expose to direct sunlight, especially dyed fabrics - the colors will fade. Woolen fabrics are not dried in direct heat, such as electrical appliances, radiators, even heating radiators, if they are strong. This will damage them and most of all it can shrink them.

Ironing:
Woolen clothes can be ironed with steam, but at a medium low temperature for silk or wool (1 - 2 points). For safety, use a damp cotton cloth. It is also good for the wool garment itself to be slightly damp, otherwise you will achieve almost nothing. Do not iron at more than 150 degrees - you risk damaging the fibers and deforming the garment and its size.

Storage:
Did you know that the way you store your knits affects their lifespan? Due to their delicate nature, cashmere and wool sweaters should be stored folded in a cool, dry place, not on hangers.

Dry cleaning:
It is possible, but hand washing is preferable, especially when it comes to handmade and dyed products. Dry cleaning is much more aggressive to fabrics, especially natural fibers, and the aroma that remains after it is definitely not very pleasant.




COTTON

Cotton is a plant fiber that is extracted from the cotton plant. Very popular fabric, cotton is soft, light and easy to maintain. In addition, it is pleasant to the touch and has a high absorption capacity. Cotton yarn sweaters are not only super comfortable to wear, but are suitable for any season of the year.

Laundry:
Cotton can withstand machine washing. We recommend a "cotton" wash cycle at a maximum temperature of 40 °. You can use liquid or granular washing powder depending on the color.

Dry cleaning:
In some cases, dry cleaning may be required (for stubborn stains, embroidery, delicate patterns). In these cases, contact a professional service. Cotton can withstand any type of solvent.

Bleaching:
Cotton can be easily washed with the help of commercially available bleaching agents. The use of bleach is not recommended as it can damage the tissue. Chlorine is completely banned because it slowly burns cotton fiber.

Drying:
Machine drying (in the dryer) is very suitable for cotton clothes (up to 80 °). However, for delicate clothes (fine dimensions or details for embroidery, pearls, etc.) a gentle drying cycle or outdoor drying is recommended. This is often time consuming because cotton absorbs a lot of water and becomes heavier, making it difficult to dry.

Ironing:
Cotton can be ironed at temperatures up to 200 °. A steam iron can be safely used to remove creases. However, ironing at a medium temperature is preferable to prevent the cotton from yellowing. Iron your clothes on the inside.

Storage:
Remember - the length of their life depends on how you store your cotton clothes. They should be stored folded in a dry and cool place to keep their shape. This is very important because cotton is not elastic, ie. it does not return to its original form like the wave. If you do not take care of its proper drying and storage, it stretches. However, high-quality cotton is usually retracted after washing.



CARE FOR ARTIFICIAL FIBERS: POLYESTER, NYLON, ACRYLIC

POLYESTER
Polyester is one of the most common synthetic fibers. It is soft but slightly rough to the touch. Its fibers are strong and durable, shrink slightly and withstand friction, do not crease, but are highly electrified. Polyester is usually mixed with natural fibers to make yarns from which easy-to-maintain knits are made.

Laundry:
The polyester can be easily machine washed at a maximum of 40 °. At too high a temperature, it can be crumpled and the folds fixed. The preparation (liquid or powder) should be chosen according to the colors or resistance to stains on the garment.

Dry cleaning:
Any solvent can be used. Such treatment is recommended to best preserve polyester clothing.

Bleaching:
The use of liquid bleach is not recommended.

Drying:
The use of a dryer is not recommended because polyester fibers are very sensitive to heat. Fortunately, it dries very quickly outdoors.

Ironing:
Polyester is slightly crumpled and ironing is rarely necessary. However, if this is very important to you, iron your polyester clothes as you would iron silk (110 °). However, be careful because polyester is sensitive to heat.

NYLON

Polyamide is a popular synthetic fiber, also known as nylon. His original idea was to offer an alternative to silk. It is smooth and shiny, easy to wash and cool to the touch. Nylon fibers are not hygroscopic enough and accumulate static electricity too quickly. They have a low degree of absorption, ie. dry quickly. They are elastic and stretchable. Nylon is added to blends with natural fibers to give the yarn more strength, elasticity and abrasion resistance.

Laundry:
The polyamide can be easily machine washed at a maximum of 40 °. Choose a detergent based on the color or the ability to clean stains on the garment. Use a laundry bag to protect finer clothing (such as socks or tights).

Dry cleaning:
Any solvent can be used.

Bleaching:
Do not chlorinate as this will break down the polyamide.

Drying:
The use of a dryer is only possible at a moderate temperature, but the polyamide dries quickly, so drying outdoors is quick.

Ironing:
Ironing polyamide clothing is rarely necessary. However, if this is important to you, iron at a low temperature (110 °). Be careful because polyamide is sensitive to heat and can melt at too high a temperature.

ACRYLIC

Acrylic is a very popular type of synthetic yarn. It is cheap, widely available and available in a huge variety of thicknesses and colors. Acrylic fibers are highly valued for their warmth and resemblance to wool. Therefore, acrylic is often used to replace wool or in a mixture. Unlike wool, however, acrylic is easy to maintain and is suitable for people who are allergic to animal wool yarn. It is the best choice for beginner knitters, and acrylic knits are durable and easy to maintain. However, they are not as soft as natural fibers. New technologies have changed this to some extent and you can now find very high quality acrylic yarn, which is not inferior to the softness of others. Acrylic yarn is not suitable in some cases - it is easily flammable, so it cannot be used for knitting towels, pads and other kitchen accessories.

Laundry:
Acrylic is easy to wash in a washing machine at 30 ° or 40 ° maximum with the help of a soft detergent suitable for wool and a program for delicate wool or special washing. You can put the garment in a laundry bag turned upside down for extra protection.

Dry cleaning:
It is possible under certain conditions - limited mechanical action and pure solvents. Use only professional service.

Bleaching:
The use of chlorine is prohibited for this type of fiber.

Ironing:
Acrylic clothes can be ironed at a low temperature (110 °) without the use of steam. Caution: acrylic may turn yellow if you use a hot iron.

Storage:
Acrylic is not affected by moths and is resistant to light. Like woolen clothes, acrylics are best stored folded, away from direct light and heat sources.

BASIC THINGS THAT GOOD TO KNOW

Dust is a great enemy and destroyer of natural fibers. Therefore, knitted clothes and accessories should be stored in tightly closed cabinets and chests, not on open shelves.

Dirty stains are just as harmful and should be removed immediately. If left to penetrate deep into the yarn, it often becomes impossible to remove. Many types of stains are removed with lukewarm water if treated immediately. Drop the stain or wet the contaminated area of ​​the fabric without rubbing. Do not attempt to remove oil-based stains, dyes, paints, inks, lipstick with water. Use solvents to remove them. On the front side on the spot on

                                                                                    

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